Land degradation adversely affects the businesses, communities and species that depend on that land. It also contributes significantly to climate change.
The productivity of land is reduced by land degradation. And it is the communities that are often already exposed to climate related risks that are made even more vulnerable when the land they depend on is degraded.
In addition, competition for scarce land resources is projected to increase social instability like conflict and migration (UNCCD, 2017).
Companies’ and cities’ impacts on land come primarily from land transformation – changing from one land use category to another – and land occupation – the continuous use of an area of land for human-led purposes.